英会話時間合計48625分 2020.8.30 level7
Female-Led Countries Have 50% Less COVID-19 Deaths
A study has found that countries led by women went into lockdown earlier and had half as many coronavirus deaths on average as those with male leaders.
Professors from the UK's University of Liverpool and University of Reading looked at how the COVID-19 crisis has been managed in 194 countries, 19 of which have female leaders.
The researchers paired female-led countries with similar male-led countries to better understand the differences. Countries were matched by population and economics, and how much they spend on health care, as well as tourism numbers and gender equality.
For example, Germany has a population of 83 million and is led by Chancellor Angela Merkel. It was paired with the UK, with a population of 67 million led by Prime Minister Boris Johnson. According to Worldometer, Germany has had fewer than 9,500 deaths, while the UK has over 41,000.
New Zealand has a population of 5 million led by Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern. The Republic of Ireland has a population of almost 5 million, and was led by Taoiseach Leo Varadkar at the beginning of the pandemic, and is now led by Micheál Martin. According to Worldometer, New Zealand has reported fewer than 25 deaths, while Ireland has almost 1,800.
Similar results were seen between countries like female-led Bangladesh and male-led Pakistan.
Speaking to the Centre for Economic Policy Research, Professor Sipriya Garikipati, one of the study's authors, said that female leaders tended to be better at communicating information about the pandemic and had clearer plans for what to do.
The researchers wrote that how men and women tend to approach risk could play an important role in how countries manage the pandemic. They said that while female leaders have been less likely to take risks when it comes to human life, they have been more ready to take risks with their economies by locking down.