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How 'Speakeasies' Ignored Alcohol Prohibition in the US

モダンで、おしゃれなドアを開けるのに躊躇してしまうような隠れ家的なバー:speakeasy の由来は、禁止法時代に密造酒を販売していたバーで、酒の名前の代わりに別の言葉で、簡単に言い表して注文することから始まったようです。


2022/1/10 level 7

How 'Speakeasies' Ignored Alcohol Prohibition in the US


From January 1920, the United States banned — or "prohibited" — the sale of all alcohol. The next 13 years of Prohibition changed the social lives of many Americans, and led to violent competition for the huge profits available from selling illegal alcohol.







Illegal bars quickly took over from the legal ones that were closed by the government. They were known as "speakeasies," possibly because customers needed to speak quietly inside to avoid being heard by the police.




Customers also had to say a password — like "Joe sent me" — to be allowed in.




People selling beer and liquor during Prohibition were called "bootleggers," because American traders used to hide small, illegal bottles of alcohol in the tops of their boots. Some of the biggest bootleggers became powerful gangsters, such as Chicago's Al Capone.






While some speakeasies might just be a basement or a room in an apartment, others were famous venues of the 1920s Jazz Age, such as New York's Cotton Club, where Black musicians played to all-white audiences.


スピークイージーはアパートと地下や1室であったり、1920年代のジャス時代に黒人が演奏し白人が客で有名なニューヨークの Cotton Clubなどもそのひとつである。



Known as the Roaring '20s, there were many changes to US society during this decade. The economy grew strong after World War I, and as they tried to escape extreme racism and poverty in the South, millions of Black Americans moved north to get jobs that had become available during the war.





Then the Great Depression, a global economic crisis, began in the United States in 1929.




This crisis was important in the decision to end Prohibition in December 1933. Critics said Prohibition had damaged the US economy and lost the government billions of dollars in taxes on legal alcohol sales.





Alcohol has now been legal for nearly 90 years. But some modern bars have again been hiding behind secret doors and calling themselves "speakeasies," looking to revive the atmosphere of a century ago.